Wireless Sensor Networks

Credit: 3


  • To understand the fundamentals of wireless sensor networks and its application to critical real time scenarios.

  • To study the various protocols at various layers and its differences with traditional protocols.

  • To understand the issues pertaining to sensor networks and the challenges involved in managing a sensor network.


Unit I

Introduction: Fundamentals of wireless communication technology, the electromagnetic spectrum radio propagation, characteristics of wireless channels, modulation techniques, multiple access techniques, wireless LANs, PANs, WANs, and MANs, Wireless Internet.


Unit II

Introduction to adhoc/sensor networks: Key definitions of adhoc/ sensor networks, unique constraints and challenges, advantages of ad-hoc/sensor network, driving applications, issues in adhoc wireless networks, issues in design of sensor network, sensor network architecture, data dissemination and gathering.


Unit III

MAC Protocols : Issues in designing MAC protocols for adhoc wireless networks, design goals, classification of MAC protocols, MAC protocols for sensor network, location discovery, quality, other issues, S-MAC, IEEE 802.15.4.


Unit IV

Routing Protocols: Issues in designing a routing protocol, classification of routing protocols, table-driven, on-demand, hybrid, flooding, hierarchical, and power aware routing protocols.


Unit V

QoS and Energy Management : Issues and Challenges in providing QoS, classifications, MAC, network layer solutions, QoS frameworks, need for energy management, classification, battery, transmission power, and system power management schemes.



  • Technical knowhow in building a WSN network.

  • Analysis of various critical parameters in deploying a WSN


Text Book

  1. C. Siva Ram Murthy, and B. S. Manoj, "AdHoc Wireless networks ", Pearson Education - 2008.


Reference Book

  1. Feng Zhao and Leonides Guibas, "Wireless sensor networks ", Elsevier publication - 2004.

  2. Jochen Schiller, "Mobile Communications", Pearson Education, 2nd Edition, 2003.

  3. William Stallings, "Wireless Communications and Networks ", Pearson Education - 2004