Unit I

Introduction. Classification. Dimensional analysis. Specific speed. Basic laws and equations.

Unit II

Hydraulic turbines. Pelton, Francis, and Kaplan turbines. Turbine efficiencies. Cavitation in turbines.

Unit III

Centrifugal pumps. Theory, components and characteristics. Cavitation. Axial flow pumps. Pump system matching.

Unit IV

Centrifugal and axial flow compressors. Slip, surging and chocking.

Unit V

Steam turbines. Basic cycle. Impulse and reaction turbines. Gas turbine. basic cycle and multi-staging. Power and efficiency calculations.


1. Dixon, S.L., Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, 5th ed., Butterworth- Heinemann, 2005.
2. Sayers, A.T., Hydraulic and Compressible Flow Turbomachines, CBLS, 2003.
3. Ganesan, v., Gas Turbines, 2nd ed., Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003.