Welding design, selection of electrodes, size, type and metal recovery, electrode efficiency, stub thrown away, overwelding and joint, fit - up welding position operation factor, jigs, fixtures, positioners, operator efficiency

Need for time standards, definition of standard time, various methods of computing standard time, analytical calculation, computerisation of time standards

Definition of terms, composition of welding costs, cost of consumables, labour cost, cost overheads, formulae for total cost, cost curves for different processes like CO2 , SAW, ESW, etc., mechanisation in welding, job shop operation

Process vs product layout, construction, service consideration, employees, services, process services, etc., different work stations in shop floor and their arrangements

Selection and installation of equipment, safe handling of equipment, production control, planning for welding processes and materials, inventory control; basic aspects of financial management and man power planning


1.        Bathy J., ‘Industrial Administration and Management’, 1984

2.        Pendar J. A., ‘Welding Projects - A Design Approach’, 1977

3.        Welding Institute U.K., ‘Standard Data for Arc Welding’, 1994