The NITs were carved out of 17 Regional Engineering Colleges across India and are now the fully funded institutions under the Central Government and declared as an Institute of National importance under the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2007. The move was intended to make the institutions centers of excellence and being developed as autonomous and flexible academic institutions of excellence to meet the sweeping changes taking place in the industrial environment in post liberalized India and also the rapidly changing scene of technical education globally. NIT Tiruchirappalli is one among the 31 NITs and its basic structure of organisation, functions and powers of the Institute are briefed in the NIT Acts & Statutes. A large number of rules, regulations, ordinances, policy decisions etc. have been formulated by the Board of Governors, Senate and other authorities of the Institute for regulating the day-to-day work of the expanded activities of the Institute.

Procedure followed in Decision Making Process
The Institute has a Director, Six Deans, Registrar and Heads of the Departments/section, who carry out the various functions of the Institute as per procedures laid down in the Statues of the Institute. The decision is communicated to public by notices, announcements, website and advertisements. The final authority to vet the final decision is the Director / Board of Governors / Council for NITs/ Visitor of the Institute. The Institute takes decision regarding students' affairs, faculty & staff affairs, facilities of the Institute and its infrastructure.

Mode of Public Participation
The Institute encourages public participation and guidance through members representing them in the NIT Council and the Board